Katzir, Ephraim

(formerly Katchalski)
(1916- )
   Israel's fourth president (1973-78). Born in Kiev, Russia, on 16 May 1916, he was brought to Palestine by his parents in 1922 and was educated at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he received his master's degree in 1937 and his doctorate in 1941. From 1941 to 1948, he held posts at Hebrew University and as a research fellow at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and Columbia University. During Israel's War of Independence (1948—49), he headed the science corps of the Hagana. In 1949, he joined the Department of Biophysics at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot and became department head. He did research on proteins and polyamino acids and is a member of numerous scientific organizations. He became president of Israel in April 1973 and remained in that position until 1978. In keeping with Zionist policy and practice that government officials adopt Hebrew names, he changed his name from Katchalski to Katzir. In 1978, he became the head of the Center for Biotechnology at Tel Aviv University and a professor at the Weizmann Institute.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Katzir, Ephraim — ▪ president of Israel original name  Ephraim Katchalski   born May 16, 1916, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine]       Russian born scientist and politician who was the fourth president of Israel (1973–78).       Katzir moved with his… …   Universalium

  • Katzir, Ephraim — (b. 1916)    The brother of Aharon Katzir, he went to Palestine as a child. He graduated from the Hebrew University and from 1951 was professor and head of the biophysics department at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He received the Israel… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ephraim Katzir — 4th President of Israel In office 24 May 1973 – 24 May 1978 Prime Minister Golda Meir Yitzhak Rabi …   Wikipedia

  • Katzir — Ephraim Katzir. Ephraim Katzir (hebräisch ‏אפרים קציר‎; eigentlich Katchalsky, * 16. Mai 1916 in Bielsk, Russland) ist ein israelischer Naturwissenschaftler (Biophysiker) und Politiker der Mapai („Israelische Arbeitspartei“). Von 1973 bis 1978… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ephraim Katzir — Ephraïm Katzir Ephraïm Katzir Ephraïm Katzir (en hébreu אפרים קציר, né Ephraïm Katchalsky le 16 mai 1916 à Kiev, Ukraine 30 mai 2009) est le quatrième président d Israël du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ephraïm Katzir — (en hébreu אפרים קציר, né Ephraïm Katchalsky, le 16 mai 1916 à Kiev, Ukraine est mort le 30 mai 2009. Scientifique et homme politique, il fut le quatrième président d Israël du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KATZIR (Katchalski), AHARON — (1913–1972), Israeli biochemist and biophysicist. Born in Kiev, Russia, he immigrated to Ereẓ Israel in 1925 with his family, which included his brother Ephraim, who later became the fourth president of the State of Israel (see ). He studied… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephraim Katzir — (1977) Ephraim Katzir (hebräisch ‏אפרים קציר‎; eigentlich Ephraim Katchalski[1]; * 16. Mai 1916 in Kiew; † 30. Mai 2009 in Rechowot …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KATZIR (Katchalski), EPHRAIM — (1916– ), fourth president of the State of Israel (1973–78); biochemist and biophysicist. Born in Kiev, Russia, Katchalski was taken to Ereẓ Israel in 1925. He studied life sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and completed his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephraim — (1842–44) von Francesco Hayez Ephraim ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auf die Tradition des biblischen Stammes Ephraim zurückgeht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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